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From space the Earth appears as a blue planet, but about
one billion people are forced to drink contaminated water,
while another 2.3 billion are suffering from water shortages.

Although Sweden is fortunate, water supplies in sixty
municipalities are contaminated and 3.5 million inhabitants
exposed, according to the national food agency.
Researchers demand an investigation.

Threatened water

Read more

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Air pollution kills 7 million people each year, according
to the World Health Organisation. Worst hit are
cities in India, China and Pakistan. In China, about 1.6
million people die from air pollution each year.

In Europe, the number of premature death from air
pollution was 430.000 persons in 2012.

Air pollution kills

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Electricity from solar cells grows globally and the price
has dropped. New solar capacity installed in 2016 rose
by 50% to 76 gigawatts. Globally there is now 305GW
of solar power capacity. China and the US led the surge.
In Europe growth slowed down. The total amount of
solar power stands at 104GW.

Solar revolution

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The World Health Organization warns that the obesity
epidemic creates a health crisis of immense proportions.
According to the Lancet, the number of overweight
reached 2.1 billion in 2013, compared with 857 million in
1980. Weak socioeconomic groups suffer. Among African-
American women in the US 50 percent have obesity.

The US has the highest proportion of obesity among OECD
countries: 35 percent of women and 34 percent among men.
The obesity rate is even higher for women in arab countries:
40-50 percent in Saudi Arabia, Qatar, the UAE and Kuwait.

Obesity epidemic

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Unlike many other of the world's major cities Tokyo-
Yokohama with 37 million inhabitants is functioning
with first-class public transport, sewage and sanitation
systems. Central to the sustainable city is an efficient
land use in the station near areas of dense settlement
and concentration of activities within walking distance of
1000 meters, and that the station is integrated with the
surrounding neighborhoods and the region.

Sustainable city

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Humanity's collective knowledge explodes and technology
evolves. Super entrepreneur Elon Musk, involved in Paypal,
Tesla, SpaceX, Solar City and Hyper Loop, wants to see a
human colony on Mars in his lifetime. He warns against
the AI as the greatest threat to humanity.

Intelligence Watch monitors technological progress and
its implications for sustainable development.

Technological progress

Dagens Nyheter Debate: ”The Riksbank misinterprets the law in its view of the inflation target”

(16/12/2016) Against the spirit of the law. The Riksbank seems to have misinterpreted its mandate. The Riksbank Act provides flexibility, despite this, the Riksbank sticks to its 2 per cent inflation target at almost any price. In addition, it violates the spirit of the law when it buys government bonds for billions, write the associate professors Fredrik NG Andersson and Andreas Bergh, Lund University and Intelligence Watch Economic Council, and Anders Olshov, chief Intelligence Watch. They also call for a discussion on the monetary policy’s income and distribution effects.

 

Read the article in Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish)

(11/10/2016) In the report “Smart city – Smart planning to achieve Sweden’s environmental goals” Intelligence Watch argues Sweden must end its sprawl if the target of at least 70 percent lower greenhouse gas emissions from domestic transport shall be reached by 2030. Instead, cities must be densified sharply around public transport stations in order to make commuting sustainable and, in addition, grow inward so that more individuals can afford to live and work in a zone close to the work and life’s most necessary. Nyhamnen in Malmö is mentioned as an example of an area with very good communications both locally and regionally which can be developed as an extraordinary densed zone and grow in importance for the regional labor market.

 

Download the report ”Smart city – Smart planning to achieve Sweden’s environmental goals” (in Swedish)

Read debate article in Sydsvenskan (in Swedish)

(29/04/2016) The Swedish economy may be heading for a crisis worse than the crisis in the 1990s that could cripple the Swedish model, increase exclusion and create a new group of poor in Sweden. It appears from the Intelligence Watch report ”Sweden into the fog – an unpleasant probable crisis scenario”. The authors, associate professors Fredrik NG Andersson and Andreas Bergh, Lund University and Intelligence Watch Economic Council, and Anders Olshov, chief Intelligence Watch, point out the risks associated with the Riksbank’s ultra-loose monetary policy with negative interest rates, the rising property prices, unsustainable household debt levels, Sweden’s large banking sector, an extraordinary influx of refugees to volume with many low-skilled and a fragmented political governance with a lack of ability to manage Sweden’s challenges. An interest rate rise would create financial problems for many households, real estate prices to fall and risk a recession and a rapidly growing budget deficit. A deep economic and social crisis in a few years time seems uncomfortably plausible.

 

Download the report ”Sweden into the fog – an unpleasant probable crisis scenario (in Swedish)

Read debate article in Dagens Industri (in Swedish)

Time for a climate alliance for a global price on carbon emissions

(05/01/2016) Countries with high ambitions should form a climate alliance, harmonize their national carbon dioxide taxes and introduce a common carbon dioxide tariff on imports, suggests Håkan Pihl, vice-chancellor of Kristianstad University and vice chairman of Intelligence Watch, in an article in Svenska Dagbladet. The climate impact of all domestic consumption would then be priced. If the alliance is open to all countries which introduce a corresponding price (carbon dioxide tax and import tariff) a mechanism is created that gives countries outside the alliance a strong reason to consider an entry, argues Pihl.